Have you ever come up with the question of “what is pinyin?” when you first come across Chinese language learning? Have you ever wondered how does it works or where does it come from? Let’s find out what pinyin is together here at Tutormandarin.
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What is Pinyin?
Pinyin is the alphabet in Chinese, similar to latin language but added with the tons. By learning pinyin, it’s easier to pronounce the word and to memorize it. Like your first step to learning every language is to start from the basic, don’t worry it’s the same in Chinese language!
Where Does Pinyin Come From?
Pinyin is similar to a kind of system first used for foreigners to write down Chinese. Then, around 1950, a group of linguistic created this so called system “Pinyin”. It became official around 1980. Since the system is widely used in China as they need to improve the literacy rate in China. What’s more, it’s as well easier for foreigners to learn Chinese.
How Does Pinyin Work?
Most of the pronunciations are the same as in English alphabet, but of course, there are some exceptions. Here is a short list of the pronunciation of the vowels and some combination examples. Watch the youtube video to hear each sound spoken once. See if you can keep up — it only takes 5 minutes to learn the Chinese alphabet (aka pinyin!)
a – like “a” in math
ai – like “ie” in eye, or tie
ao – like “ow” in cow, or bow
e – like “eh” or “er” without rolling the r
ei – like “ay” in Say
er – similar to “are” when said in an Irish accent
i – like “ee” in see after most letters
ia / ya – combine “i” and “a”, like “ya” in Yahoo
iao / yao – combine “i” and “ao”, like “yow” in yowl
ie / ye – like “ye” in yellow
iu / yu – like “yo” in yo-yo
ian / yan – like “yen”, the Japanese currency
iang / yang – combine “i” and “ang”, like “young” in young
o – like “o” in “sore”
ou – like “oa” in throat
ong – like “ong” in song
u – like “u” in flute
ü – like the “u” sound in French tu
ua / wa – combine “u” and “a”
uo / wo – combine “u” and “o”
uai / wai – combine “u” and “ai”
uan /wan – combine “u” and “an”
un – like “une” in french
uang / wang – combine “u” and “ang”, like wang in wangle
I guess that’s enough for one day… Now you know a little bit more about Pinyin!